T-34 - Soviet medium tank of the Great Patriotic War was produced in series since 1940. During 1942-1947 it served as the main tank of the Red Army and the USSR Armed Forces. It was the main tank of the Red Army until the first half of 1944, before entering the troops of its modification T-34-85.
The most massive Russian tank of World War II and the postwar period.
Developed by the design bureau of the tank department of the Kharkiv plant No. 183 under the leadership of Mikhail Ilyich Koshkin. The success of the project was predetermined by the use of the latest highly economical V-2 diesel engine, thanks to which the medium-armored T-34 inherited an unusually high specific power (the ratio of engine power to combat weight) from the lightly armored BT, which ensured the absolute superiority of the T tank throughout the Great Patriotic War -34 in maneuverability, mobility.
The T-34 tank had a huge impact on the outcome of the war and on the further development of the world tank building. German troops did not expect such powerful equipment from the USSR. Due to the combination of its combat qualities, the T-34 was recognized by many experts and military experts as one of the best tanks of the Second World War. When it was created, Soviet designers managed to find the optimal ratio between the main combat, tactical, protective, operational, running, and technological characteristics.
The T-34 tank is the most famous Soviet tank and one of the most recognizable symbols of the Second World War. To date, a large number of these tanks of various modifications in the form of monuments and museum exhibits have been preserved.